A a pair of single-headed kettle drums from Gardez. They are made from jeldis wood and the heads are of goatskin. A black circle, approximately 8 cm. in diameter, is painted in the center of each head. The heads are secured by segments of twisted cord passing directly through the circumference of the skin and meeting at the base of the drum. There they pass around a purple, cloth-covered ring. The drums are played with drumsticks- chub-i-doholak--which are made from charmass (walnut) wood. They resemble the Central Asian drum pair or trio: Naqqara. Large drum: 21 cm. diam., 10 cm. depth. Small drum: 19 cm. diam., 9 cm. depth. Drumsticks: 24 cm. long, 1.5 cm. thick.
Dhol (traditional instrument for folk songs)
A two-headed membranophone. The heads are made of animal (goat) skin and are retained and tightened in a direct manner by means of continuous loops of ~ single twisted cord passing through both heads at several points on their circumferences. The cord passes through the head and around a wooden collar which is wrapped in the skin. Every two strands of the cord pass through a brass ring (movable) which serves to regulate the tension of the heads. Photo I is brown in color; dimensions: 39 cm. in length, heads are 22 and 23 cm. in diameter. The other is chocolate brown with the dimensions: 42 cm. long, both heads 22 cm. in diameter. Both are made of tut (mulberry) wood and contain small kernels of seeds or stones which strike the sides and heads during performance and add to the percussive effect. The dhol is suspended from the neck of the musician and played with the hands or sticks. Designs are carved in concentric circles
fipple-mouthed whistle flute. Wooden, painted red, green, and yellow, it has six fingerholes on the frontal plane and a single thumbhole on the dorsal plane. Stained dark brown. From Qandahar. Scale A c d e# a b c.